Types of Bone Grafts You Might Undergo Before Getting Dental Implants

patient having dental implant

The teeth are secured in place by your jawbone. Your dental roots stimulate the growth of the jawbone and allow it to maintain its natural shape and form. Once you lose one or several teeth, the jawbone slowly deteriorates since it is not in use. Eventually, you will have a very thin and weak jawbone.

When seeking restorative dental services, such as dental implants from a South Bend clinic, the thin jawbone might not be adequate to hold it. Mahoney Family Dentistry recommends a jawbone graft to increase its mass prior to placement of your implants.

Here are the types of bone grafts you might undergo.

Autograft

In this option, your dentist will harvest graft tissue from your hip or chin then transplant it onto the jawbone. The graft is then covered with various materials which accelerate and boost its healing.

There are no immune reactions associated with autografts, but the procedure might be more extensive compared with other bone grafts.

Allograft

A cadaver is generally the source of an allograft. After harvesting, the allograft will undergo various treatments including irradiation, freeze drying, and acid washing among others.

These aim to prevent cross-infection and minimizing immune reactions. The procedure for transplanting an allograft is a short one, but the graft might still provoke immune responses and lead to the procedure’s failure.

Xenograft

This graft is harvested from pig and cows. With this option, your dentist can get grafts with specific microstructures which can stimulate your jawbone’s growth. Xenografts, like allografts, have a risk of host rejection.

With the above options, a weak jawbone should not be a hindrance to getting dental implants. These grafts take approximately 6–9 months to heal after which your dental implant placement takes place.

The implants look and function like natural teeth and preserve your remaining natural teeth hence maintaining the shape and size of your jawbone.